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There are many developing countries, from el Salvador to Argentina, but I’ve decided to focus on Afghanistan. Now why is Afghanistan considered a developing country? Maybe the fact that hundreds of people die daily because of the wars going on there, maybe because there are hundreds of rebel groups that bring so much corruption like ISIS and even the government. Afghanistan does not really lack many natural resources, in fact it has many, which in my opinion would bring it out of its tittle as a developing country. But those many resources are what brings a lot of conflict. These things also affect its infrastructure and population, all these things combined have a huge tole on income per capita and its growth.
Corruption plays a big role in Afghanistan growth of income per capita. To begin with, the government fails to even provide the most basic of needs to its citizens, a large part of that is due to the fact that there are barely any members in the government that have any clue as to what they are doing. Also, the fact that most if not all its allocation of resources is decided through a lengthy bureaucratic procedure with frequent delays. Why does these affect its income per capita? Well how can one earn a living without a means of transportation (public transportations, roads. etc.) or without getting any education (public schools)? Living off the production of poppy flowers (the main resource used in the production of heroin) won't really give you a living, living off of 2 dollars a day is hard. Having constant wars also plays a big role in the income per capita “Wood, G. (2016, April 14). What ISIS Really Wants. Retrieved March 26, 2018, from here.” Many people are forced to leave Afghanistan because of ISIS and the wars they cause, those that happen to be lucky enough to have a job must leave all that behind because of corruption. This in turn lowers its income per capita.
Capital Flight/Poor Infrastructure
Another thing that poses an obstacle to the growth of income per capita is capital flight and poor infrastructure. The fact that the government can allocate its resources correctly only influences capital flight. And where do most of the wealthy businesses in Afghanistan transfer their assets to, the UAE, particularly Dubai. The transfer of these businesses to a more stable and wealthier country means that many of the people employed in these moving business lose jobs, therefore lowering the income per capita. But this may also increase it soon. These moving businesses can become better in the EAU and in turn return to Afghanistan with more jobs.
Overpopulation is a huge road block in the increase of income per capita. The average fertility rate in Afghanistan is about 7 children, with families having more that 10; this poses a huge road block to the growth of income per capita. Taking care of 7 to 10 children means a lot of money, and with the average pay being 2 dollars per day, it's no wonder the income per capita is low, with many families only making around 596 dollars per year according to “Afghanistan GDP per capita 2002-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast. (n.d.). Retrieved March 26, 2018, from here.”
Afghanistan doesn’t lack many natural resources, in fact it is rich in many of then including coal, iron, and natural gases. But how does that affect its income per capita? Yes it is rich in natural resources, but not being able to allocate them is bad. Like I said before, the government doesn’t really know how to allocate these resources, so when people could be having jobs mining for iron coal and gold the government decides they rather argue about what to do with these resources rather than actually putting them to use.
It is for these reasons that Afghanistan income per capita don’t increase. Lack of natural resources, corruption, large population, poor infrastructure, and capital flight pose a road block to its increase in income per capita. In conclusion I do believe that debt forgiveness should be allowed to be given to Afghanistan, mostly for the benefit of the people, and as for the people that “lead” the country, they should be put and jail.